Frequently Asked Questions
Does my project need to be reviewed?
Research involving human subjects needs to be approved by the IRB. "Research" is defined as "a systematic investigation designed to develop or contribute to generalizable knowledge." A "human subject" is defined as "a living individual about whom an investigator conducting research obtains data through intervention or interaction with the individual or identifiable private information."
For additional information, see:
How do I get my project reviewed by the IRB?
In order to have a proposal reviewed by the IRB, the researchers must complete and submit an IRB form. The IRB form contains questions regarding the project procedures as well as ethical safeguards being used in the project. Detailed instructions for completing the form are available here.
You must also submit an informed consent form and complete the online training in research ethics, attaching your certificate of completion of this training to your submission.
The research ethics training, CITI program course Human Subjects Research, can be found at www.citiprogram.org. New users should register for an account and choose Maryland Institute College of Art in the "Select Your Organization Affiliation" field to initiate the registration process.
To register for the course select "Add a Course" on the Main Menu / My Courses page. This appears under the heading "My Learner Tools for Maryland Institute College of Art" on this page. On the next page select "Social-Behavioral-Educational Researchers" under Question 1: Human Subjects Research and click on "Submit". The course will now appear on the Main Menu / My Courses page and you can select it to begin.
Note: the CITI course is made up of 12 modules requiring approximately 3 hours of cumulative time to complete. You will be quizzed after the completion of each module. An average score of 80% is required to receive certification.
What are the criteria for the IRB to approve my research?
The IRB approves research if:
- risks to subjects are minimized;
- risks are reasonable in relation to anticipated benefits;
- selection of subjects is equitable;
- informed consent is sought from each subject;
- informed consent is appropriately documented.
Additional criteria may apply where appropriate:
- data collection is monitored to ensure subject safety;
- privacy and confidentiality of subjects
- additional safeguards are included for vulnerable populations
What is informed consent?
Informed consent refers to the voluntary choice of an individual to participate in research based on an accurate and complete understanding of its purposes, procedures, risks, benefits, alternatives, and any other factors that may affect a person's decision to participate. Complete information on informed consent and how to properly document it can be obtained by following these links:
How long does it take the IRB to review a proposal?
Within one week of submission of your application for review, the IRB will contact you to let you know if your submission was complete and to inform you of your application's status (whether your research proposal is considered to be exempt from IRB review, suitable for expedited review, or requiring full review). If your proposed research qualifies for expedited review, you will hear from us within two weeks of submission. If your proposed project requires full review, it will be considered at the next full meeting of the IRB. The IRB meets as necessary during the semester
Is my project suitable for expedited review?
Projects that involve no more than minimal risk (the same risks incurred by normal conversation or day-to-day activity) and do not involve engaging with a high-risk population may qualify for expedited review. An expedited review is carried out by the IRB chairperson and one other member of the IRB.
The decision whether or not a project is suitable for expedited review rests with the chair of the IRB.